Itchy Swollen Eye, Red, Watery, Causes, Pictures, get rid Fast
Itchy swollen eyes will often be accompanied by symptoms such as redness and in some cases, crusty or sticky substances in the comers of eyes, on eyelashes and on upper and lower eyelids.
These are just some of the normal physiological reactions that your body undergoes in cases of an infection or an inflammation.
Here are some of those infections, their symptoms, and their treatment options. We have also provided some of the effective remedies you can use at home to relieve the itching and make the swelling go down fast.
The information provided is for general use only, it should not in any way substitutes a professional medical diagnosis and treatment.
Causes of itchy swollen eye, Eyelid inflammation, and swollen itchy eyelid,
Read Also: swollen eyelids
Eyelids swelling or inflammation can occur on either upper eyelids or lower eyelids or on both. Eyelids are folds of skin that cover the eyes when closed. Any condition that affects the eyelid is called eyelid disorder.
These disorders might cause redness, swelling, and itching of the eyelids. Common such disorders include the following:
1. Sty on eyelid
Also called a Hordeolum, this is an infection of the sebaceous glands. It is caused by a bacterial infection with symptoms close to those of acne vulgaris.
Main symptoms include pain, redness, and swelling of the eyelids. This infection is harmless and will often disappear on its own without treatment. In severe cases, antibiotics and simple warm compress will help get rid of the bump.
Just like a sty, a chalazion can occur on both the lower and upper eyelid. This bump is caused by the obstruction of the oil glands on the eyelids. Though the condition tends to be chronic, it is often less painful.
If the condition fails to respond to topical medication, a surgical procedure may be used to get rid of it.
Blepharitis is a common condition affecting the eyelids. It is a condition marked by the irritation of the lid margin where your eyelashes join the eyelid. This condition causes the inflammation of the eyelids. It tends to recur, making it very hard to manage
Common symptoms of this condition include:
- Burning sensation in eyes
- Gritty feeling in eyes
- Increased tearing
- Blurry vision
- Red, swollen eyelids
- Crusty eyelids and eyelashes
Preventing this condition involves maintaining proper hygiene. Holding a warm compress on eyes can help relieve the itching, get rid of redness and soften the crusts on eyelashes making it easier to get rid of.
4. Eyelash or Demodex mites
All of us have small tiny mites naturally occurring in our eyebrows and eyelashes. Eyelash mites are a genus of tiny mites that live in and around the hair follicles. While normally harmless, these mites can cause irritation of the skin especially in those with weak or compromised immune system.
5. Eyelid edema
Eyelid edema refers to a condition in which the eyelids are swollen and the tissues contain excess fluids. If left untreated, it might affect the eye function as the swelling might increase intraocular pressure.
Eye edema can be caused by allergy, trichiasis or an infection. Major symptoms of this condition include swelling, red eyelids, severe itching, and pain.
6. Eyelid tumor
Basal cell carcinomas are the most common cancer that affects the eyelids. Studies show that this form of cancer account for 85% of all malignant eyelid tumors. Eyelid tumor can either be benign or malignant.
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7. Eyelid dermatitis
This refers to the inflammation of the eyelids as a result of direct contact to irritants. Eyelid dermatitis can be shown by symptoms such as itchy eyelids, dry, flay skin and inflammation of either the lower, upper or both eyelids.
Avoiding the allergens and maintaining proper hygiene the best way to get rid of eyelid dermatitis.
8. Shingle in eyes
Shingles is a condition caused by herpes zoster virus, the same virus that causes chicken pox. The exact reason the virus reactivates to form shingles, is not known. Anybody infected with the virus and not vaccinated against shingles is at risk of this infection.
Shingles rash is painful, itchy and may be accompanied by painful fluid filled blisters on eyelids. Other symptoms of this condition include fever, increased sensitivity to lights and fatigue.
9. Orbital cellulitis
Orbital cellulitis is a rare eye infection that affect the tissues surrounding the eyes. This condition requires urgent medical treatment, when left untreated the condition can spread to the sinuses and even further.
Commonly known as pink eye, conjunctivitis is an eye disorder that cause the whites of your eyes to become swollen, red and itchy. Conjunctivitis has a wide range of causes including viral infection, bacterial infection, to eye allergies.
Some cases of conjunctivitis might be highly contagious, we recommend you check this out with your health care provider.
Swollen eyelid pictures
a) Red itchy swollen eye
Red itchy and inflamed eyelids will often result from inflamed eyelid edge. This can be a sign of blepharitis or chronic dry eyes syndrome. Sticky and itchy eyelid are common when you wake up and can occur in both children and in adults.
Red, itchy eyelids is not harmful, you can relieve the irritation by keeping your eyes clean. Use artificial tears if your eyes are also dry. Other causes of red and itchy swollen eye can include contact dermatitis and conjunctivitis (viral or bacterial)
b) Itchy watery eye
According to the American Collage of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, around 50 million people in the United States have seasonal allergies. Eye allergies are the common cause of red, itchy and watery eyes.
Eye allergy is also referred to as allergic conjunctivitis and occurs when the eyes react to substances that irritate them. Other symptoms of these reactions includes:
- Read or pink eye
- Scaling around the eyes
- Puffy or swollen eyelid
- Itchy and burning eyes
c) Swollen upper eyelid
There are two types of eyelids inflammation. Anterior eye inflammation occurs outside the eye where the eyelashes are located, main cause of swelling is dandruff and allergic reactions.
Posterior eyelid inflammation on the other hand occurs in the inner edge of the eyelids closer to the eyes. Blocked oil gland is the main cause of this inflammation.
d) Itchy swollen eyeball
Puffy or swollen eyes can result from a bacterial, viral or allergies reaction. Most cases of swollen eyes are minor, and can be relieved with a simple warm compress.
Swelling of the eyeball is medically referred to as periorbital puffiness, it is used to describe the presence of excess fluid in the connective tissues around the eye. This is common with the eyelids. The swelling can also result from an injury, trauma or infection.
e) Burning sensation in eyes
Burning sensation in eyes can be a sign of several condition serious or minor. It is often accompanied by other symptoms such as itching, eye pain, watery eyes and abnormal discharge from the eyes.
Persistent burning sensation in eyes should be examine as soon as possible. This symptom can be caused by:
- Strong winds
- High pollen or dust in eyes
- Or eye disorders
f) One swollen eyelid
Either your upper or lower eyelid may droop away from the eye
turning inwards or outwards.
- Entropion occurs when your eyelids roll inwards whereas
- Ectropion occurs when the lower eyelid rolls outward
g) Blurry vision
This refers to the lack of sharpness of vision. In some cases, it might result in the inability to see fine details. This symptom often results from abnormalities such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, presbyopia or astigmatism all of which can be corrected by wearing corrective lenses.
h) Lumps on or around eyelids
Lump occurring on or around the eyelids are often sty or a cyst. A lump can also be a sign of a serious condition such as skin cancer, in such a cases, urgent treatment is required. Most skin growths in eyes are basal cell carcinomas. They appear as red or pink lump containing small blood vessels.
In other cases, the bumps might be squamous cell carcinoma or melanoma which can spread to other parts of the body if not properly treated.
g) Droopy upper eyelids
Common in older people, droopy upper eyelids occur when the excess skin above the upper eyelids overhang. When affecting your vision it is known as dermatochalasis, a surgical procedure may be considered to get rid of excess skin.
I) Yellow plaques eyes, crusty eyes
Yellow plaques occurring on lower or upper eyelids are known as xanthelasma. Though the crusts are harmless, they indicate abnormal cholesterol level. You need to see your doctor as soon as possible. If the cause is high cholesterol, you may at the risk of developing a cardiovascular disease such as a stroke or heart attacks.
J) Excessive blinking and uncontrollable closure of the eyelids.
It is normal for your eyelids to twitch or blinks uncontrollably when tired. It is, however, unusual to have repeated spasm, according to NHS, this might be caused by dystonia, a movement disorder that causes muscle spasm and contraction.
The exact cause of the excessive blinking (blepharospasm) is unknown, the blinking can, however, it can be triggered by bright light, emotional stress and being tired.
Swollen eyelid treatment fast
Human eyes are a very sensitive organ, swelling, itching or any symptoms that show up in your eyes should be examined and treated as soon as possible. Treating dry, watery, itchy, or swollen eyes will often depend on what the underlying cause is.
Common treatment options that help relieve the symptoms of swollen or infected eyes.
1. Allergy eye drop
There different brands of over the counter eye drop you can use to soothe itchy, swollen eyes. In cases of eye allergies, antihistamine eye drops along with other allergy medication can be used to get rid of the symptoms.
A course of antibiotics can also be used to effectively treat eyelid inflammation. Your healthcare provider may prescribe oral pills, topical creams or liquid eye drop to treat bacterial infection in eye and relieve the swelling, dryness, and redness in the eye.
When the inflammation is caused by a virus, then a course of antivirals may be used. Like antibiotics, this can be in form of oral pills, topical creams or liquid drops.
4. Steroid medication
When there is no infection, your doctor may prescribe steroid eye drops or topical creams to reduce the swelling.
5. Artificial Tears
In case of dry, itchy you may use artificial tears that will lubricate the eyes to stop the irritation.
Antihistamine medication which includes topical creams and liquid eye drops can be used when the cause of the irritation is an allergic reaction.
Home remedy for itchy eye
Minor cases of itching and swelling can be managed and controlled at home with simple self-care methods. The following home remedies will help alleviate and soothe itching, swelling, and irritation in eyes:
a) A gentle warm compress
A warm compress can help clear up minor infections at home. It will help relieve the swelling, soothe the itching and reduce pain.
Dip a clean washcloth in lukewarm water and use it to clean your face. You can gently press the swollen eye to relieve the swelling and stop the itching.
b) A cold compress
After applying the warm compress, apply a cold compress. It is believed that applying a warm compress can facilitate bacterial growth when you apply a cold compress, it helps stop the growth which might worsen the infection causing the itchy eyes.
c) Cucumber slices
Cold cucumber slices can also be an efficient way to relieve the itching.
- Chop a fresh cucumber and place the slices in a refrigerator
- leave them there for 10 minutes
- remove and place the slices on your face one at a time
D) Make sure to wash your face
When the cause of the itching and inflammation in the eye is an allergic reaction to dust and pollen, then the fast remedy is to wash your face off all these small irritants.
If you developed itchy or swollen eyes after being in the dust, then you might want to wash your face to get rid of those allergens sticking in your eyelids and eyelashes. This will help loosen the allergic reaction.
How to make a swollen eyelid go down
Treating or preventing against the underlying cause of itchy swollen eyes is the best way to handle this condition. There are some things you can do to prevent your eyelid from swelling.
- Wear protective eyewear to prevent a black eye, conjunctivitis and other eye allergies that might cause itching and redness of the eye. Make sure to invest in high UV blocking sunglasses.
- Avoid too much caffeine and sodium
- Avoid known irritants like pollen and dust known to cause itchy, dry eyes.
- Drink plenty of water to remain and hydrated and
- Increase your consumption of important minerals and vitamins
- Schedule regular appointments with your eye care professional to
- Make sure you wash your face regularly, removing all your day’s makeup before going to bed
- Do not touch your eyes with dirty hands
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- Causes, treatment, and remedies for swollen eyes: https://www.eyehealthweb.com/swollen-eyelid/
- Common eyelid disorders, symptoms, and treatment: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eyelid
- Potential complications of eyelid inflammation: http://www.healthline.com/health/blepharitis#treatment6
- The National Health Services NHS, Eyelid problems: http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/eyelid-problems/Pages/Introduction.aspx
- Medicine Net, Swollen eyes signs and symptoms: http://www.medicinenet.com/swollen_eyes/symptoms.htm
- All about vision, Itchy, watery eyes and eye allergies: http://www.allaboutvision.com/conditions/allergies.htm